Brexit – London: tens of thousands of protesters for a second referendum

Tens of thousands of demonstrators began to march in central London on Saturday to demand a new referendum on Brexit, the only way they believe to solve the current crisis.

The procession, including London Labor Mayor Sadiq Khan, was to reach Westminster around 14:00 local time (1300 GMT) for a series of speeches by prominent figures and political leaders, including Labor figures (left), the main party. Opposition and Liberal Democrats (center).

British MPs decided Saturday to postpone their decision on the Brexit agreement between London and Brussels, which will force Prime Minister Boris Johnson to ask the Europeans a new postponement of the divorce.

The amendment to that effect, tabled by Oliver Letwin, was approved by 322 votes for and 306 against. For his supporters, he aims to give more time to MPs to discuss the deal in detail without risking a “no deal” on October 31 if they have not finished.

While Parliament debated the deal, tens of thousands of protesters in central London called for a second referendum, the only way they said they could solve the crisis.

“The first referendum was like a jump on a train without a destination. Now we have one, and we need a second referendum, “said one of them at AFP, Douglas Hill, 35.

“What do we want? The vote of the people! When do we want it? Now!” Read the signs of late-morning demonstrators from the edge of Hyde Park towards Parliament, where MPs debate the issue. new Brexit agreement between London and Brussels.

“We made a big mistake” in the referendum of 2016, when the British decided 52% to leave the European Union, said Suzanne O’Hallorin, a retired 64 years. “I think we know a lot more today than at the time of the referendum, we must have a vote now that we know the consequences of leaving the EU and the impact on our economy”

A group of protesters were seen firing an allegorical float representing Supreme Aid Dominic Cummings, using Mr. Johnson as a puppet.

With the “Demonic Cummings” logo splashed on his forehead, the silhouette on the tank seems to be wearing a Nazi uniform, including an armband bearing the title Get Brexit Done and a Union Jack mustache.

The People’s Vote organizers are also asking people to sign a letter to Boris Johnson, European leaders, MEPs and MEPs, asking them to leave “the opportunity to check if we want to proceed to Brexit”.

Sir Keir Starmer, Secretary of Shadow Brexit in an email to supporters this morning, said the letter “asked them to respect our common democratic values, asking them not to turn away from us and deny us the chance to have one last word.

“Now add your name to the letter and send a message to the powerful.”

“The people should have a say”
For Theodor Howe, a 20-year-old Scottish student from Dundee, a second referendum may “divide” the population, but “the people should have a say in what will happen”.

The Brexit, originally planned for March 29, 2019, has been postponed twice, because of a lack of an exit agreement backed by a majority of Parliament, divided on the way ahead.


Tribute to Prefectural Victims: Macron Calls on Nation to “Block” Against “Islamist Terrorism”

President Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday called “the entire nation” to “block” to fight “Islam carrying death”, during a tribute to the four officials killed Thursday by one of their colleagues in the police headquarters of Paris.

“Your colleagues have fallen under the blows – of a misguided and deadly Islam that it is our duty to eradicate -” continued the head of state, who called “the whole nation to unite “. “We will prevail only if our country rises to fight against this underground Islamism that corrupts the children of France,” he added, praising “the irreducible French spirit of resistance.”

He praised “the irreducible French spirit of resistance”, and called for the mobilization of all of us to “bloc” against Islamist terrorism during the tribute to the victims of the attack of the prefecture . Words made to mark. This is the first time he really settles down as the protector president, first of all the French against terrorism.

Interior Minister Christophe Castaner presented the Legion of Honor, posthumously, to the four victims: Damien Ernest, major in charge of a local police unit (28 years of service), Anthony Lancelot, guardian of the peace (11 years old), Brice Le Mescam, principal administrative assistant (6 years old) and Aurélia Trifiro, peacekeeper (17 years old). The trainee police officer who killed the 45-year-old assailant will also be decorated but at a later date.

The investigators undertook to analyze a USB key found in the office of Mickaël Harpon, the author of the attack that had been working at the police headquarters since 2003, whose content raises speculation and concerns internally.

“The USB key contains computer data in huge numbers,” says a source close to the survey. “From today, people are requisitioned in all departments … to work on the data of the key,” she adds.

The investigators are working to make a “comprehensive inventory” of the contents of this key, in particular to determine whether images of propaganda of the Islamic State group therein as well as data relating to employees of the police headquarters were related or not to his professional activity.

“It was a computer scientist of the anti-terro at the DRPP (direction of the intelligence of the PP, Ed), when he did the maintenance, he could make copies of the contents of the computers”, wants to relativize a source close to the folder.

Since the attack, many voices accuse the authorities and seek to understand how Mickaël Harpon was able to go under the radar. According to the ministry, he had shown signs of possible radicalization within the Directorate of Intelligence of the Prefecture of Police (DRPP) where he was employed. The opposition, right and extreme right, cries the “state scandal” and demands the departure of Christophe Castaner. A resignation that excluded the person, while recognizing a “state dysfunction”.


“Nuits blanches” 2019 in Motion

Since 2002, during the sleepless nights (nuits blanches), the french capital becomes from 19h to 7h the place of all possible.

For sleepless nights, 2019, Paris invites you to a great journey.

Many unusual activities will be offered to you on October 5, 2019.

Among them is a parades with more than fifteen art platforms designed by contemporary artists. (7 pm to 10 pm). The start will be taken from the Place de la concorde to join the Place de la bastille.

Walking artists will also take part in extraordinary artistic performances.

The « Grande Traversée » will allow you to discover the most prestigious cultural institutions such as museums, theatres, operas. (22h-2h). This discovery will be proposed in common with a slowed down crossing in front of the artworks. Clockrooms will be available.

This proposal is inspired by a famous cinema scene : in the film « Band à part » by Jean-Luc Godard (1964), 3 young people played by Claude Brasseur, Anna Karina and Samy Frey have the crazy idea of running across the Louvre to visit the museum in less than 45 seconds.

A portion of the Paris ring road (from the Porte de pantin to the porte de la villette) will also be closed to cars and transformed into a luminous citizen Velodrome. Come and ride your bike on the Paris ring road. Proceed to the gate of pantin, access by the left ramp of the device.

This edition was conceived by Didier Fusillier, artistic director and Jean-Max Colard, artistic advisor of the « nuit blanche 2019 », for a budget of 1 million euros to which is added a budget of cultural patronage. So this is an important budget.

“With Kyoto, Charleville Mezière , LA, Accra or Mexico city. The « nuit blanche 2019 » is still a parisian brand that we share. And Didier Fusillier having a vision of public space and populations … art is stronger than all the rest ! “Says Jean-Max Colard.

The nuits blanches will allow the inhabitants to show their creativity and to share it with the artists. “The idea is to make Artworks move and to make citizens move with them .

So during the parade, two huge mirrors with boat projectors will give the impression that the building falls behind you. ” shares Didier Fusillier.

Many artists will participate in the event.

The police department is a partner in the « nuit blanche ». The ring will therefore be closed from 2 p.m. for a few hours.

Nearly a million people had moved during the previous edition. In addition, many locations not included in the programming of the event, will participate in the « nuit blanche » . Indeed, many authorizations to open businesses have allegedly already been granted.

The show promises to be grand. Not to be missed.

Event free and open to all.

Categories EUROPETravel

The Abbey of Valmagne de Villeveyrac

In 1139, Raymond Trencavel, Vicomte de Béziers, founded the Abbey of Valmagne in the commune of Villeveyrac, near Mèze and the pond of Thau in Languedoc Roussillon. From the 12th to the beginning of the 14th century, it was one of the richest Cistercian Abbeys in southern France.

The Abbey of Valmagne is listed as a historical monument and is also one of the oldest vineyards in Languedoc. The family who have been the owner for nine generations has opened the doors to the vineyard cathedral.

The former church was built on the foundations of a first Romanesque church between 1257 and the end of the 14th century. Visitors can discover the Russian oak wounds, over 400 hectolitres of oak found on the lower sides of the central nave. It consists of a seven-span main nave, bordered by two collateral. In the cloister is the sacristy, the “Capitular Room” also known as “Chapter Room”, the hall, the refectory and the fountain-washbasin.

The Abbey of Valmagne has mainly Gothic architecture and its foundations are Romanes. Basil plane, vaulted in rib cross, its dimensions are equal to the large Gothic cathedrals with 83 meters long and 24.50 meters high in the nave, up to 25 meters high in the transept. The latter gives way to the choir, with almond pillars, classic of Gothic architecture; Finally, the ambulatory closes the choir with nine radiant chapels.

The cloister in the northern gallery

The cloister consists of four covered galleries opening onto a garden. Each area serves all the essential parts of the monastery.

The North “Spiritu” gallery adjacent to the church wall is often called the “Mandatum Gallery or “Collations Gallery”, the monks sometimes came to listen to a holy reading, snacks and recite the Complies Office after the evening meal.

The cloister in the east gallery

The east gallery “Anima” fulfills a high spiritual function by serving: the armarium, the sacristy, the capitular room, the hall and the scriptorium. It is also the oldest part of the abbey, the decorations are made of saw teeth and the vaults in the cradle, typical elements of Romanesque architecture.

The Cloister in the South Gallery

In this gallery you will find the location of the former heater as well as the latrines. A little further away is the former refectory converted into a lounge in the 19th century. Opposite the refectory is the fountain.
The latter is surrounded by an octagonal fence topped with an open dome. The vine that climbs along the dome at more than 180 years old; she resisted phylloxera. The Fountain washbasin is a rare place: there are only two lavatory fountains left in France, Thoronet Abbey and Valmagne Abbey.

The Abbaye de Valmagne is surrounded by gardens and a “farm hostel” restaurant.


Death of Jacques Chirac: The whole world pays tribute to him

Former President of the French Republic Jacques Chirac died this Thursday at the age of 86, announced his family to AFP.

“President Jacques Chirac passed away this morning among his people. Peaceful”, announced his son-in-law Frédéric Salat-Baroux. The French will be able to pay tribute to him in the days that come to a place to define, he said.

This very popular right-wing Fauve, which has been a part of French politics for 40 years, died and marked the French political life of the Fifth Republic with its imprint.

He was Prime Minister between 1974 and 1976, then from 1986 to 1988, under the colors of the RPR, before being elected President of the Republic for twelve years.

Jacques Chirac had managed to conquer the Elysée, dream of a life for this unique son, in 1995 after two defeats (1981 and 1988). The former head of state was one of the great politicians of the French right whose longevity, between brilliant and stressful successes, demonstrated exceptional rebound capacity.

Jacques Chirac unquestionably marked French political life, born in Paris on 29 November 1932, his heart was in Correze, the land of his grandparents. This family land where he will learn one of his greatest political qualities: the direction of contact.

A single child, he studied in Paris before joining the Institute of Political Studies in 1951. It was during his studies that Jacques Chirac met Bernadette Chodron of Courcel, whom he married on March 16, 1956. They will have two daughters, Laurence, born in 1958 and Claude, born in 1962. The couple will also adopt Anh Dao Traxel in 1979. They also have a grandson, Martin, born in 1996.

In the early 1960s, he was appointed to the office of Prime Minister Georges Pompidou before becoming involved in politics.

At the age of 35, he was a member of parliament and Secretary of State for Social Affairs under George Pompidou in a France still under the presidency of General De Gaulle. During the 1960s, he held several local positions, such as St. Féréole’s Municipal Councilor, Member of Parliament for Correze, or General Councilor of Correze.

He was then appointed Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development in 1972. During the 1974 presidential elections, he supported Valéry Giscard D’Estaing for whom he became Prime Minister the same year, before resigning from his post in August 1976 due to disagreements with government policy, he founded a new political party, the RPR (Rally for the Republic). In March 1977, he became mayor of Paris.

He then plays his own card and secretly celebrates Mitterrand’s victory:he became the natural leader of the right in 1981.The strategy seems to pay off:five years later, he co-lives as Mitterrand’s prime minister.Which will be fatal.

Described as a warm, generous man, “always attentive to others”, his opponents sometimes called him “versatile.”In public opinion, however, his approval ratings remained very high.In 2015, he was the most beloved former president of the French Republic, according to a poll.Jacques Chirac then directed the campaign of his life:swept away his image, he suddenly became the fashionable candidate and realized his dream on May 17, 1995.He became the 22nd President of the Republic for twelve years.

His mandates will remain marked by his “no” to the second Iraq war, the end of military conscription, the recognition of the French state’s responsibility for Nazi crimes, the passage of the quinquennium, the call of alarm (“our house burns”) in the face of environmental degradation and a first major victory over the absurd road mortality.

By working militarily for an end to the crisis in Yugoslavia, Jacques Chirac has, from the beginning of his presidency, paid particular attention to international affairs.In particular, he is a defender of developing and Arab countries, where he is considered a “hero.”

His probably most important and memorable decision will remain his refusal in 2003 to engage France in the Iraq war with the United States.A position symbolized by the vibrant speech of his Minister Dominique de Villepin at the UN but which will earn him a “bashing” with the Americans.Guided by a certain morality, he also committed himself to humanitarian causes, in the fight against AIDS in particular, or for the environment, as he stated at the Earth Summit in Johannesburg in September 2002:“Our house burns and we look elsewhere.”

Tributes poured in as soon as the death of the 12-year-old presiding over France (1995-2007) was announced, culminating in a lifetime of power, before facing the disease for many years.

Abroad, German Chancellor Angela Merkel praised “a great partner and friend”, while the President of the European Commission, Luxembourg’s Jean-Claude Juncker, considered that “today Europe is losing one of its leading figures, France is a great statesman and I am a loyal friend”.Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri greeted one of France’s “greatest men.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin reacted to the death of former French President Jacques Chirac, the Kremlin says. In a message of condolences to Jacques Chirac’s widow, Bernadette, he greets a “wise and visionary” leader. He also added that “a whole period of the modern history of France is linked to the name Chirac,” “Russia will remember its great personal contribution to strengthening friendly relations among our states, as well as to our mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation.”

In French politics, a minute of silence was observed in the National Assembly, as well as in the Senate, where the death was announced in the sitting.

“It is a part of my life that is disappearing today,” commented Nicolas Sarkozy, his immediate successor to the Elysée Palace, expressing his “deep sadness” after Thursday’s announcement of the death of former head of state Jacques Chirac.
“He has embodied a France that is faithful to its universal values and its historical role” and “he has never ceded anything about our independence, as well as his deep European commitment”, added Mr. Sarkozy in a statement, welcoming “the imposing stature and the special voice of Jacques Chirac”.

Former President François Hollande welcomed in a statement a “fighter”, “a humanist” and “a man of culture” who “had been able to establish a personal link with the French”.

Former head of state Valéry Giscard expressed his “emotion” to him about the death of his prime minister. “I learned with great emotion the news of the disappearance of former President Jacques Chirac. I send a message of deep condolences to his wife and relatives,” the former head of state wrote in a short message.

“Paris is in mourning,” said Anne Hidalgo, mayor of the capital, led for 18 years by Jacques Chirac. The former head of state was one of the great Fauves of the French right. Its longevity, between brilliant and stressful successes, has demonstrated exceptional rebound capacity.

Singer and comedian Line Renaud explained that “it’s as if it was (her) brother” who disappeared, while the industrialist François Pinault, an intimate friend of the Chirac couple who expressed their “infinite sadness”, spent about twenty minutes at Jacques Chirac’s last home in Paris, at 4 rue de Tournon in the 6th arrondissement.

The president of the National Rally Marine Le Pen praised the president as “capable of opposing the madness of the war in Iraq”, while his father, Jean-Marie, defeated by Chirac in the second round of the presidential election in 2002, believed that “even the enemy has the right to respect”.

President Emmanuel Macron will deliver a televised address to his predecessor at 8 p.m. The head of state has given up on his trip to Rodez, where he is scheduled to launch the national pension debate later that evening.

An International Award:
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor (1995)
Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (1974)
Military Value Cross
Aeronautics Medal
Knight of Agricultural Merit, Arts and Letters, Black Star, Sports Merit
Grand Cross of Merit of the Sovereign Order of Malta
Officer of the Ordre national du Québec (1987)
Grand Cross of the Order of Three Stars (Latvia 1997)
Knight Grand Cross at the Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1999)
Grand Collier of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal 1999)
Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Saint Olaf (Norway 2000)
Collier of the Terra Mariana Cross (Estonia 2001)
Collier of the Royal Order of Carlos III (Spain 2006)
Russian Federation State Prize (2007)


“Castles in Spain”: unfeasible projects

“Building castles in Spain”! That means having unfeasible projects.

For Spain is considered to have few castles, which in the 15th century would have deprived the Moors of the possibility of taking refuge in a residence that would guarantee their safe retirement when the Christian kingdoms took over the Peninsula.

However, in Aragon, a former kingdom and the current autonomous community of Spain, you can see many of them, including two very impressive ones, in Loarre and Uncastillo.

Loarre Abbey Castle is one of the best preserved Roman fortresses in Europe, considered the oldest Roman-style castle in Spain.

In the 11th century. Sancho Ramírez, king of Aragon and Navarre, had this inextricable fortress built at an altitude of 1070 m and set up a monastery there.

As you approach this impressive eagle’s nest, you will be struck by the beauty and tranquility of the site. Once you have crossed the fortifications flanked by round towers, you enter the castle through a majestic vaulted staircase leading to a Romanesque church and, through a maze of passageways, you arrive at a massive dungeon from which you can discover a huge panorama of the Ebro Depression.

Huge reservoirs collected 80,000 liters of rainwater.
Forgetfuls were used as a pantry by the monks, then as a prison by the nobles who then took possession of the castle.

Loarre is the finest example of the Spanish fortifications, representing one of the best specimens of military and civil architecture in Europe and was declared a cultural heritage and national monument in 1906.

In Uncastillo, the fortress was also built in the 11th century, but by the Muslims in order to defend their borders and control Christian expansion.

The Iberian peninsula was then, since 711, under Muslim domination and was called Al-Andalus until the fall of Granada in Andalusia in 1492.

Two large square towers, two wall walls uniqueness at a time when the castles only have one. We walked into the towers on the first floor through a rope ladder. In the 14th century, fireplaces improve comfort and a Gothic Palace is added. A prosperous city will expand around the fortress, which will, however, experience periods of incessant wars throughout the Middle Ages.

The Spanish builders have successfully carried out their architectural projects!


Visit of the Kering headquarters and Balanciaga House during the European Heritage Days

The 36th edition of the European Heritage Days took place on September 21 and 22. to introduce the public to places unknown or unexpected and full of history.

“Heritage is our pride, it is our roots, it is the witness of the building genius who for centuries has spoken in our country,” said the Minister of Culture, Franck Riesler in his editorial about the event taking place on the 60th anniversary of the Ministry of Culture.

As every year, the theme has been set by the Council of Europe and the European Commission. Most of the 50 countries that have signed the European Cultural Convention have taken up this theme, “Arts and Entertainment”, which was in agreement with the various heritage areas: shows, parties, games and toys as well as sports… It was therefore the opportunity to enter the secrets of the most beautiful monuments, civil, religious, military, sports or places of power such as ancient theaters, places of entertainment and entertainment such as fairgrounds, racecourses or stadiums…

In the capital, places have opened for visitors for the first time, such as “La Scala” (75010), the Cirque Bormann-Moreno (75015), the Mogador theater (75009) or the Châtelet theater (75001), which has just been renovated. The major institutions remain the most visited places, starting with the Palais de l’Elysée, the ministries, the Court of Auditors or the Bank of France (some places required prior registration).

Health and digital were also on the program with the Institute of Genetic Diseases “Imagine” and its DNA extraction workshops (75015) or the National Research Institute for Digital Sciences (INRIA) located a few kilometers from the capital in Rocquencourt (78).

The very glamorous fashion scene has also opened its doors, like the Chloé houses, Yves-St-Laurent. In Deauville, the JEP allowed you to follow in the footsteps of Coco Chanel, Yves-St-Laurent or Patou. Back in Paris, a gem of this edition, the head office of Kéring (Pinault Foundation) and Balanciaga unveiled in the 17th century chapel a collection of contemporary art from the Pinault Collection and in the gardens, Balanciaga’s “canvases” (preliminary models in fabric prefiguring Haute Couture dresses).

Located 40 rue de Sèvres (75007), the head office of Kering , a world-class luxury group including Gucci, St Laurent, Bottega Vaneta, Balanciaga, Alexander McQueen, Boucheron and Pomellato, Brioni, Dodo, Qeelin, Ulysse Nardin, Girard-Perregaux and Kering Eyewe, is located in the former Laennec Hospital. Open to the public during Heritage Days since 2016, it offers visitors the opportunity to discover rare archives and the secret of the elegance of the lines of the creations of the Maison Balanciaga.

During this exceptional weekend, works of contemporary art from the Pinault Collection and the exhibition “Pleurs de Joie” with artists Damien Hirst for the cartoon, Sigmar Polke for the circus, Martial Raysse for the popular festival and Claire Tabouret for the carnival were exhibited.

During these two days, the trophy of the French Football Cup, won this year by the Stade Rennais whose owner is the Pinault family, was exceptionally the headquarters of the Kering group (formerly PPR) founded in 1963 around wood and building materials and then in the distribution sector in the 1990s and luxury , sport and the “lifestyle” from 2000.

The trophy was created in 1916 at the request of Paul Michaux, President of the Federation of Employers (FGSPF), in memory of Charles Simon, founder of the French International Committee, which will become the FFF, who fell into the field of honor; Created by the Chobillon goldsmith with 3,150 kg of solid silver and placed on a 15 kg marbled base in the Pyrenees, its value was 2,000 francs of the time. It is awarded annually after the final of the French Cup.

The paintings and sculptures exhibited in the chapel are part of the exhibition “Flowers of Joy”, and they are much closer to the theme of entertainment while incorporating the ideas of Blaise Pascal.

-The bronze sculptures of Damien Hirst , a British artist born in Bristol in 1965, a founding member of the group of “Young British Artists” in the late 1980s, and a winner of the “Turner Prize” in 1995 were represented.  During the European Heritage Days, two of them, “Mickey” (2016) and “The Colllector with a Friend” (2016), both from the project “Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable”, which took 10 years of work, were exhibited.

From the moment you enter the chapel, the works of Sigmar Polke, a German artist born in Silesia (Poland) in 1941 and died in Cologne in 2010, introduce you to the theme of entertainment and circus. Founder of “Capitalist Realism” in reference to “Socialist Realism” (official Soviet Union art), he uses printed fabrics as a medium and experiments with new techniques combining pigments, chemical compounds and solvents while reusing abandoned colors such as purple and lapis-lazuli. The paintings of the winner of the “Golden Lion” at the Venice Biennale in 1986, “Zirkusfiguren” (2005) and “Die Trennung des Mondes von den einzelnen Planeten” (2005), integrated into the “Axial Age” cycle (2007) face each other like in a mirror.

-One of the precursors to the American Pop, Martial Raysse unveils one of his creations mixing advertising stereotypes and art history: “No Mediterranean Landscape” (1966). The author of this work, born in Golfe-Juan in 1936, lives in Dordogne and has developed his talents as a self-taught artist. it combines painting and assembly combining photography, collage and ordinary objects.

-Claire Tabouret is the last artist highlighted in this exhibition. Born in France in 1981, Virtuose in her field, she lives in Los Angeles where she makes her paintings painted in acrylic, so you could admire “Les Insubmitted” (2013) representing 38 teenagers with a captivating look in Carnival attire and “Les Veilleurs (2014) armed with light sticks to watch before the assault.

Almost half of the old Laennec hospital is made up of gardens; historically, the site had 14,000 of them, including 3,500 of vegetable gardens, they were maintained by the sick of the “Hospice des Incurables” and were recreated according to ancient drawings. Here you will find plant species that were common in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries, fruit trees and perennial plants. This idyllic venue was therefore ideal for the Balanciaga exhibition, which brought together the raw cotton “canvases” put up in volumes on models and taken straight out of the archives of the great fashion house of designer Cristobal Balanciaga who developed his vision of sewing in the way of developing his art through the body, the garment, the cut and the materials he used, the most iconic being gazette ar , a simple woven silk fabric made with woven double twisted threads, as stiff as aluminum, allowing to mark the volume,

For the event, 18 semi-paintings were presented in the gardens as statues. To create a garment, it all starts with a sketch that turns into a canvas that will be the basis of it. Cristobal Balanciaga was the only one making his own paintings. Coco Chanel said of him “that he was the only true designer of his time since he could draw, cut, assemble, and sew the clothes he signed.”

The canvases are usually made of unbleached cotton cut in fine and dry percale, thicker prepared serge or tarlatane, depending on the fabric in which the model will be made. Annotations of Balanciaga are written on the direction of the fabric (full-bias or straight-wire), lines and frames are guides, points in different colors indicate the adjustments to be made according to the morphology of the client whose name is inscribed on the canvas.

A few words about Critobal Balanciaga (1895-1972) who created the Balanciaga House in San Sebastian in 1917. He settled in Paris in 1937 after fleeing the Spanish Civil War. It is a forerunner, creating an avant-garde and refined style using new materials and becoming the fashion designer of stars like Grace Kelly, Ava Gardner or Marlène Diétrich… New art director since 2015, Demna Gvasalia continues her vision ..

The visit ends with a virtual experiment in collaboration with the French start-up Timecope., offering a journey through time around the chapel and the former hospital whose purpose was to welcome the sick too seriously ill or too poor to be received elsewhere, the conditions being to be Catholic and to donate all his belongings to the hospice; everyday life was monastic there.

Since its foundation in 1634, the Hospice des Incurable has closed several times, the first of which was in 1869. Reopened the following year, it became a hospital in 1874 and became known as Laennec, inventor of the stethoscope in 1879, although there was never a practice..Sold in the 1990s to finance the construction of the Georges Pompidou hospital. A major renovation work began in 2010, when the old medical buildings were renovated to house the Kering headquarters and the Balanciaga House, and the historic parts were rehabilitated.


JEP in Lyon: Our Lady of Fourvière, the basilica overlooking the city

The religious heritage of the city of Old Lyon includes many religious buildings, including the Basilica of Our Lady of Fourvière built in 1872 for Catholics, as does the Church of St George (also the work of Pierre Bossan), a traditional Catholic parish where the masses are spoken in Latin; The Temple of Change built in 1880 for the Protestants; The Great Mosque inaugurated in 1994; the Great Synagogue built in 1863 or the Boat Chapelle Le Lien, chapel of mariners inaugurated in May 1998 during the Pardon des Mariniers, held every year on the last Sunday of May, it welcomes all those who want to know more about boating life. The Thien Minh Pagoda, built in 1985 thanks to the Vietnamese community, is located in Ste Foy-les-Lyon and is reserved for the Buddhist community.

Located on Fourvière Hill, named after the Latin “Forum vetus” (old forum), a place chosen by the Romans for the foundation of Lyon in 43 BC, the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, built on the site of the St Thomas Chapel built in 1168 is one of the most famous monuments of the city of Lyon.  Classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and listed as the first tourist site in the Rhône-Alpes Auvergne region, it stands out for its appearance as a citadel outside and its mosaics retracing the history of the Virgin Mary, its stained glass windows and its marbles inside. The crypt, dedicated to St. Joseph, houses a statue of “St. Joseph to the Child” in Fabish and stained glass windows depicting the symbols of the Eucharist. To the right of the basilica, a chapel dedicated to the Virgin Mary, built in the 12th century remains the historical and religious heart. Founded in 1192, partially demolished in 1562 during the Religion Wars, and then rebuilt, its walls are adorned by ex-voto painted on canvas at the end of the 17th century. A few meters away the St Thomas Chapel dedicated to St Thomas of Canterbury, who died in martyrdom in 1170, is a place of prayer and worship of the St Sacrement.

Built at the end of the 19th century in neo-Gothic architecture, the basilica is dedicated to the Virgin Mary; it is attributed to legends which are based on wishes given to Notre-Dame de Fourvière, such as that of Anne of Austria, who could not have a child and whose prayer was heeded. His husband, Louis XIII decided to dedicate the Kingdom of France to the Virgin Mary. It is also said that it protected the city from plague in 1642 by the gift of a huge candle and a gold shell made by the Echevins and merchants who stopped the spread of the disease 20 days later.

Following a promise made by the Lyonnais to their archbishop, Bishop of Denouilhac, to build a basilica dedicated to the Virgin if the city was spared by the Prussians, construction, contemporary to that of the Sacré-Coeur and Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde, began in 1872 by the Lyon architect Pierre Bossan and later his disciple Louis Ste Marie Perrin who succeeded him after his death in 1888.

Although inaugurated in December 1896 (the date of September 8 was postponed to that of the “Feast of the Immaculate Conception” on December 8 after the weather gave rise to the “Feast of Enlightenment”), the work will not be completed until after World War II. A bronze statue of John Paul II (3.05 m high) by Elisabeth Cibot, blessing the city when it came to Lyon in October 1986, was erected on October 4, 2011 on the square of the basilica. The basilica is 86 m long and 35 m wide; its height at the top of the towers reaches 48 m, its organ was built in 1896 by Michel Merklin and restored a century later. A few meters from the basilica, you will notice the presence of a small Eiffel Tower built by the anti-Calotins who have contributed to show their opposition.

A mixture of Byzantine, Gothic, and Roman art, with ten-century architectural elements, it evokes St. Jacques-de-Compostela… Its crenelated fortifications with jachicoulis evoke a medieval building, as do its 4 octagonal corner towers, reminiscent of the four legs of a pachyderm, hence the nickname of spilled elephant.. A statue of the Virgin by Joseph-Hugues Fabisch overlooks the building, dominated by a dome on the 3-story bell tower (a medieval first floor on a square 2-story base, the third of which is an octogonal plane.

For visitors, there are 2 ways to get there, in a “string” (name given to the funiculars of Lyon, 3 of which have disappeared, including the one of the Croix Rousse). It lays in front of the basilica tourists and young musicians who study at the Conservatoire de musique located on the top of the hill. The other existing “string” is that of St-Just which leads to the Roman Theaters and is very used during the Festival.

For sports enthusiasts, a walk through the Jardin du Rosaire takes the stairs from the rise of the Chazeaux near the ECAM engineering school in Lyon. After a statue of Jesus, an alley with the stations of the Chemin de la Croix allows you to access a platform showing a panorama of the city including the St Jean cathedral, the Bellecour square, the Saône and the Rhône and the semi-cylindrical roof of the Opera that the Lyonnais have dubbed “Le Tonneau” since the renovation.


A Saturday of mobilization in France: climate, yellow vests and angry pensions

There are many protests across France, especially in Paris, this Saturday, September 21, 2019.

Following a day of historic climate mobilization around the world, a new “March for Climate and Social Justice” is being organized in Paris on Saturday, September 21. In New York, the Youth Climate Summit will take place at the UN.

A day under heavy surveillance, as a demonstration of Yellow Gilets also took place on the Champs-Elysée in the morning, as well as a mobilization initiated by the Labor Force, not to mention the Heritage Days.

15,000 people marched for the climate on Saturday, September 21 in Paris. However, the protest was marred by violence: black blocks meddled in the procession as soon as he left and incidents broke out with the police. About 100 people were taken into custody, according to information received from the prosecutor’s office.

“Security forces have thrown dozens of grenades of disenfranchisement into the procession,” the black blocks are seen at the beginning of the protest, but also “pacifist” yellow vests in the procession.

Other demonstrations took place in the rest of France: more than 1,000 Yellow Gilets were in Toulouse. In Bordeaux, a rally brought together climate activists and the Yellow Gilets. Hundreds or even thousands of people have also walked for the climate in Rennes, Nancy, Nice or even Lille.

The march’s organizers’ calls had multiplied for a “convergence of struggles” between Yellow Gilets and climate activists.

This morning around the Champs-Elysées the situation became tense, with police and protesters charging them with rubbish bins and fences. Anti-police and anti-capitalist slogans were heard. Again, each crowd was surrounded and dispersed.

FO gathered more than 10,000 people in a protest against pension reform.

163 people were arrested in the margins of the various Paris protests this Saturday afternoon. The police prefecture also announces 395 verdicts and 120 police guards. Among the calls, one surprises: that of a police captain for “outrage and rebellion”.

He was then transferred to the police station in the 14th arrondissement of Paris, where he was detained for contempt and rebellion. He presented himself as “Gilet Jaune” to his colleagues. But in custody his attitude was such that according to our information, the police demanded a psychiatric examination.

“Yellow vests” were again trying to gather on the Champs-Elysées on Saturday night, after a day trying to form a procession on the avenue forbidden to mobilize by the Paris police prefecture and surrounded by security forces.

Tear-gas grenades and dispersal charges followed the arrival of several dozen protesters, many coming after watching the climate march in the 13th arrondissement in the afternoon. Occasionally, a crowd movement of about 100 people relaunches a short police charge, before returning to calm on much of the avenue.

“Let’s go, it’s enough now,” a CRS launches to passers-by in front of the Louis Vuitton store, at the intersection of Avenue George V. On a parallel street, BRAV (Violent Action Brigades) bikers stand on the ground and fly to pass the effects of tear gas. “They’re taken out of the device,” a Paris intervention company policeman told a fellow policeman. “That’s a good sign, isn’t it?” he says, as their departure could mean a decrease in tension around the protest.

Most groups of “yellow vests” have now left the Champs-Elysées. The same goes for the climate protesters, who stayed at the Place de la Bastille.

None of the two nocturnal rallies (the one at Place de la Bastille for the climate protesters and the one on the Champs-Elysées for the “yellow vests”) were planned or declared in the prefecture.

In the case of the 45 yellow jackets, entitled “Social and Climate Emergency”, 91,430 protesters “at least” were counted by the “Yellow Number” in its “first estimate” unveiled just before 7 PM.

The organizers of the climate march announced 50,000 people in Paris (according to the study firm Occurence, they were 15,200), 15,000 in Lyon (5,000 according to the prefecture), 10,000 in Grenoble and 5,000 in Strasbourg.

In Bordeaux, between 500 and 800 Yellow Gilets, according to AFP journalists, started marching with the climate protest using a “convergence” motto. But they went in the opposite direction after 500 meters. In total, ONG claim over 150,000 protesters across France.

Tuesday, 24 September 2019
RETIREMENTS: Days of Strikes + Events (London + France)
Single event “CGT, FSU, Solidarity; UNEF, UNL”
2pm: Place de la République > Nation (either Direct or by Bastille).


Creating democratic conditions of alternation is Marc Fraysse’s platform for the 2020 municipal elections

Marc Fraysse, a former MP from Villeurbanne’s RPR, declared his candidacy for the 2020 municipal elections on June 3 after 20 years of absence in the city. “All for Villeurbannes, Villeurbannes for all” is the name of the list on which he is running, because the conditions for a democratic change must be created in 2020 after 220 0 years of socialism.

Because he’s committed to where he’s not expected, because he can get the message across, Marc Fraysse decided to drive a list to the 2020 Municipalities in Villeurbanne where he was a RPR MP from 1993 to 1997. He also served as Vice-President of the Rhône-Alpes Regional Council and created the Association “United France” in 2003 with the aim of bringing together elected officials and citizens wishing to promote a “new social and solidarity Gaullism.” In 2012, he was the founding Vice-President of “Dialog et Démocratie Française” (French Dialog and Democracy), which brings together the Francs-Masons of all levels and backgrounds (Rhône-Alpes, Burgundy and Franche Comté regions). His introduction to the Grand Loge de France dates from 1987, his sponsor was Jean-Jacques Gabut, writer and former director of Lyon Matin, Grand Maître Honoris Causa of the Grande Loge de France.

Marc Fraysse was born in January 1949 in Lyon in a family of Alsatian Jewish origin driven out by the Prussians in 1889 as well as the Protestants. After returning from deportation to Germany, the family first settled in Ardeche in 1944 and then went up to Lyon where their parents worked as waiters, they then bought their first business in Tassin-La-Demie-Lune and opened the “Café des Voyageurs et des Mineurs” at Chambon Feugerolles. That’s when his little sister was born. He studied in a pension in Monistrol and wanted to become a priest at the seminary in Brioude (Haute Loire), which he left after taking the oath to his grandfather on his deathbed, to learn the profession of dental prosthetist practiced by his uncle.

Having beforehand his call by voluntarily joining the 22nd RI, he left the army after 16 months and became goalkeeper in St Etienne and then at the Olympique lyonnais with whom he recruited him in 1969.

Another turning point in the life of this future politician at the age of 22: he founded his denture laboratory in 1972. For 34 years, he will train many apprentices and will remain at the head of his company, which he will transfer in 2006 to 2 of them to integrate Elyo Suez by becoming Director of Institutional Relations and then in 2009, Cofely Suez GDF after the merger of the groups, until 2017; however, he remains a consultant to the Engie Group.

Marc Fraysse’s political commitment, whose two models are Napoleon and de Gaulle, began in 1980 at the RPR alongside Michel Noir, MP for Lyon. In the cantonal elections in Decines where he participated in 1982, he became a municipal councilor in 1983 and then led the opposition list. In 1986, he was elected as Regional Councilor of the Rhône-Alpes list of Alain Mérieux and was re-elected in 1992, 1998 until 2 He decided to put his political commitment in parantheses.

After leaving Decines for Villeurbannes in 1990, he became a Member of Parliament for Villeurbannes in 1993.  He was the head of the list at the municipal level in 1995, and was then the Municipal Councilor of Villeurbannes and Community Councilor of the Greater Lyon Area.

In 2006, he created with Yves Cotten, Energy 2010, a work on environment and renewable and sustainable energy. Since 2009, many local and territorial parliamentarians and elected officials have joined the benches of “United France”, hence the creation of regional clubs and a delegation to the National Assembly, following which his second book appeared: “De Gaulle, the man of 2012?” For a new social and solidarity Gaullism.

In March 2020, he presented himself in Villeurbannes with the program “Tous pour Villeurbannes” (All for Villeurbannes), in which he and his team proposed a project for everyone, similar to what he sang in his last single “Ma Prierté” and his 2013 book “La Prierté d’être français”. This campaign will not be a political one, it will remain true to its Gaullist ideas and would be happy to win the LR nomination, the important thing being to meet the people’s expectations in the face of economic and security difficulties while coming together under the same idea: “Pride of being French” as this sentiment exists in other countries such as the USA, Russia, China, Japan, Spain or Italy where the inhabitants are proud of their nationality. “When I recorded the song, “My Pride,” I had no idea that the events of 2015 would prove me right and that France would rise in all its diversity to claim its Republican values and pride in being French.”

A versatile character known in the political world, civil society and also as the author of 3 books (in 2003: “20 years and later” where the author of the elementary rules of self and others whose main one is Honor, in 2012: “De Gaulle, the man of 2012?” where he demonstrates that many refer to the ideas of General de Gaulle but that few respect them and in 2013: “La prierté d’être Français”) as well as a first album (“Ma Prierté” where each of the 12 titles evokes a theme of his existence such as the birth of a child or the death of a loved one, friendship or the joys of life…) , Marc Fraysse , passionate about sport, culture, gastronomy, music and above all human relations, wishes to bring together personalities from all sides and all Like.

At the same time, in 2005, “Capzen Services”, a human-sized company of services and advice to companies, was created with the aim of helping and supporting institutions in their development through services linked to the growth strategy and training of their teams. In 2017, Capzen repurchased the online news site “Parliament and Territoire”, a forum for the public sphere in order to highlight initiatives in French regions that are often forgotten. Marc Fraysse’s aim is: seek to “improve the lives of its citizens and highlight living areas too often ignored by the central government.”