Kofi Annan, Nobel Prize of Peace 2001 and former secretary of UNO died Saturday, August 18 at the 80 years age in a private clinic of Bern in Switzerland.
Politician, diplomat, economist and statesman, Kofi Annan were born on April 8th, 1938 with Kumasi in Ghana.
After having studied law in its country, it leaves to the United States in 1961 and enters in Macalester College of St Paul. It spends then a year to the Institute of the International Advanced studies of Geneva. Of return to the United States in Massachusetts 10 years later, it makes studies of third cycle in economy at Massachusetts Institute of Technologie in 1971 and 1972 and obtains its control in sciences of management to MIT.
In 1962, it makes its beginnings with the WHO where he is civil servant of the budget and administration. It sits then at the Commission of the United Nations for Africa with Addis–Abeda, with the FUNU II in Ismailia then with the High Commission of the United Nations in Geneva, becomes general under–secretary with the stock management human and coordinator of the United Nations for the questions of security between 1987 and 1990. General under–secretary with the program scheduling to the budget and accounting then controller between 1990 when it receives the mission, after the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq, to organize the repatriation of Iraq of 900 civils servant international and amenable from abroad.
In 1992, it directs the first team charged to negotiate with Iraq, concerning the sale of oil to finance the humanitarian aid.
In 1993, it is promoted general under–secretary of Boutros Boutros–Ghali whom it succeeds, beginning its first mandate of general secretary of UNO on January 1st, 1997; he is re–elected for a second mandate of 2002 to 2006 after which the South Korean Moon Round of applause–Ki takes to the station for also 2 mandates then Portuguese Antonio Guterres since January 1st, 2017.
After having left its station with UNO, it is named in June 2007 chair of Alliance for a Green revolution in Africa (AGRA), created in 2006 and subsidized by Bill and Melinda Gates and the Rockfeller Foundation.
In October of the same year, he is the new president of the Foundation of Support for the Worldwide organization against the Torture which gathers 282 members in 92 countries. He also chairs African Progress Panel created in 2007 in particular for the follow–up of the commitments of the top of the G8 of 2005; member of the committee of honor of the Foundation Jacques Chirac in 2008, year of his creation, he is member of the jury of the price of the conflict prevention and founds his own foundation devoted to sustainable development and peace.
He is also member of Total Elders, created by Mandela to promote peace and the human rights in the world.
In February 2012, he is emissary spouse of UNO and of the Arab League on the crisis in Syria but noting the failure of this mission, he recommends the entry of Russia and Iran in the negotiations. Finally, he resigns at the beginning of August of the same year.
In May 2013, Laurent Fabius gives to him the badges of Large Officer of the Legion of Honour.
He dies on August 18th surrounded by his second wife Nane Lagergren, lawyer Swedish with whom he had a girl and of his two other children resulting from its first marriage. Its standpoint will remain engraved forever like the defense of people LGBT+ or its interventions for the African continent…
Since the announcement of its death, many personalities pay him homage starting with president Emmanuel Macron who speaks about” the force of his engagements”, Vladimir Poutine and Donald Trump, the former president Holland, the former Foreign Ministers Hubert Védrine and Bernard Kouchner without forgetting the current secretary of UNO Antonio Gutteres or Jean–Pierre Raffarin, friend and former minister of Jacques Chirac. Its role in the mediation for peace in Kenya but also in Rwanda vis–a–vis the genocide will remain engraved in our memories but its greater regret was its impotence in the conflicts Bosnian, lybian and Syrian where it could not prevent the bombardments.